Iwo akanyanya kutsvaga mapoka mu2021

Zvishongo zvechiJuda zveIsrael zvine Nyeredzi yaDavid

Chishongo chinhu chakanaka chekushongedza chakagadzirwa negoridhe, sirivheri, madhaimani, platinamu, maparera uye zvigadzirwa zvekushongedza zvinowedzera chimiro chako nehunhu. Iyo inopfekedzwa nevarume nevakadzi kuratidza yavo yemagariro chinzvimbo. Zvishongo zvechiJuda ichiri chinhu chinoshamisira kwazvo. Vakadzi vanonamata zvishongo zvechiJuda nekuda kwerunako rwayo, kubatana kwetsika, uye hunhu hwepamusoro.

Zvishongo zvechiJuda zvishongo

Zvishongo zvechinyakare zvinobva kumativi ese epasi ibasa reunyanzvi pachahwo. Zvisinei, hunhu hunotevera hunosiyanisa zvishongo zvechiJuda:

fungidziro

Maumbirwo akasarudzika ejometri, maemail uye mifananidzo.
Yechitendero uye yemweya mameseji muzviratidzo
Tsika nenhaka zvinochengetedzwa.

Akakurumbira echiJuda zvishongo zvigadzirwa

a) Nyeredzi yaDavidi

Ichi ndicho chidimbu chinoshamisa kwazvo chezvishongo zvechiJuda. MuchiHeberu inozivikanwa zvakare se "Magen David". Iyo logo inomiririra nyeredzi nhanhatu-yakanongedzwa inoumbwa nemaviri akachinjika akaenzana matatu. Iwo mativi matatu anoratidza iwo madhivhuru maviri aMwari: iyo mirawo weTora nemisimboti yeKabbalah nekuitwa kwavo. Kwakatangira iyo Nyeredzi yaDavidhi chiratidzo inogona kuwanikwa pano.

-Iye Nyeredzi yaDavid chishongo chimwe chezvakanaka kwazvo zvezvishongo zvechiJuda kupfeka neyakajairwa kana echazvino zvipfeko. Ivo vanowanikwa mune yegoridhe yakarongedzwa, sirivheri yakarongedzwa uye kunyange madhaimani akaiswa.

b) Mezzza

Iyo Mezuzah yakakosha muchiJuda nekuti ine ndima dzinobva muTora, kana rugwaro rwaMwari mumutauro wechiHebheru. Munamato wechiJuda "Shema Yisrael" wakanyorwa mumavhesi echiHeberu ayo anoti: "Inzwa, Israeri, Ishe ndiye Mwari wedu, uye Ishe mumwe". Ine Klaf muchiHeberu, iyo inodhindwa uye yakapetwa mukati meganda rekushongedza, pakanyorwa mavhesi acho. Mukati memazuva makumi matatu ekupinda mumusha mutsva, vazhinji vevaJudha vanouturika pamasuo avo.

Zvishongo nezvishongo: wechiJudha Mezuzah anowanikwa semapendekete akaomarara ekupfeka seketani kana kuturika pamikova. Iyo pendende igoridhe kana sirivheri yakarongedzwa uye inoratidzira yakakosha yekushongedza mapatani.

c) Hamsa

Iye anozivikanwa sedumwa rerombo kune maJuda neIsrael. Kuchengetedza ziso rakaipa, inowanzo shandiswa muNorth Africa neMiddle East muchimiro chemachira emadziro uye zvishongo. Zvinonzi Hamsa yakatanga kuEjipitori. Hamsa ine pateni inoita kunge muchindwe wakavhurika neminwe mishanu yakanongedza pasi. Akanaka maHamsa maketani, zvishongo uye pendende anowanikwa mune matatu zvakajairika dhizaini: ziso, chai uye nyeredzi.

d) Chai tii

Iro izwi rechiHebheru rave richishandiswa sechinhu chakajairika chechiJudha kubva muzana ramakore rechi18. Izwi chai rinoreva "kurarama", uye chiratidzo chinoratidza mabhii "Chet" uye "Yod". MuChiJuda, iwo mavara anoonekwa sechiratidzo chinoonekwa chinoratidza iyo nhamba XNUMX mukuverenga nhamba, iyo inonzi nhamba yechipo cherombo muchiJuda. Icho chinhu chakajairika chechiJudha chinhu nekuti chinozivikanwa nekuporesa zvivakwa. Zvakare chiratidzo chehupenyu hwakareba uye kubudirira.

Chai inowanikwa mune akasiyana masitayera anoyevedza sesirivheri inoshamisa uye goridhe yakanamirwa mitsipa uye pendende.
Torah, Shema Yisrael, Menorah, Ant Le Dodi, Njiva, uye Ziyoni mamwe akati wandei akajairika echiJuda zvigadzirwa.

Mifungo yekupedzisira

Zvishongo zvechiJuda zvinoita sekutiswededza padyo naMwari, ndosaka zvichisiyana kwazvo. Chidimbu chimwe nechimwe chezvishongo chine kukosha kwechitendero.

Chidimbu chimwe nechimwe chezvishongo chine kukosha kwakakosha kwechitendero uye chinotendwa kunounza rombo rakanaka, mufaro, kuwirirana uye hupfumi.

Nhoroondo uye zvinoreva Nyeredzi yaDavidi

Icho chinhu chakajairika kuti nhoroondo yerudzi rwevanhu yakatanga kunyorwa nezviratidzo nemifananidzo. Kubva pamifananidzo yekare yekuEjipitori kuenda kumifananidzo yepamberi, kugona kwemunhu kutaura kuburikidza nemifananidzo kwakaratidza kuve chishandiso chakakosha kuburikidza nemazera, uye kunyangwe mutauro wedu wakanyorwa hausisiri kungogumira kumagirufu akasvinwa pamadziro, kushandiswa kwezviratidzo kuratidza hombe Pfungwa inzira inokosha ichiri kushandiswa nanhasi - kunyanya pakati pezvitendero netsika pasi rose. Pasi rese vanhu vanoshandisa zviratidzo kuratidza zvavanotenda kana kubatana kwesangano, uye sezvo mazhinji ezviratidzo izvi aine nyaya dzinonakidza kuseri kwavo, takafunga kuti zvingave zvakanaka kunyatso tarisa zvinorehwa. zviratidzo zvechiJuda: iyo Nyeredzi yaDavidi!
Chii chinonzi Nyeredzi yaDavidi uye inomiririrei?

Nyeredzi yaDavid chimiro chakatanhatu-chakatarwa chejometri chinozivikanwa sehexagram, iyo inoumbwa kana mativi matatu akaenzana-akasenderedzwa akabatanidzwa kuita imwechete nyeredzi-yakaita patani. Kwakatangira chiratidzo hachina kujeka, zvisinei, chakagamuchirwa zvakawandisa nemaJuda sechiratidzo chekuzivikanwa kwechiJuda muMiddle Ages, uye kubvira ipapo Nyeredzi yaDavidi yakave chimwe chezviratidzo zvechiJudha zvine simba uye zvine simba. Inozivikanwa kubva mutsika dzechiJuda. . Izvi zvakakonzera kuti mucherechedzo ubatanidzwe muzvinhu zvese zvehupenyu hwechiJuda, ichiva hunhu hwekusarudza mune zvese kubva pahunhu hwechivanhu kusvika kune zvishongo, kuvaka uye akasiyana maumbirwo, ichisimbisa basa rayo sechiratidzo chekupedzisira chechiJuda. Nechikonzero ichi, iyo Nyenyedzi yaDavid yaizopedzisira yave chiratidzo chakasarudzwa kuoneka pamureza wenyika yeIsrael, inomiririra kwete Nyika yeIsrael chete, asiwo maJuda ese pasi rese.
Ko Nyeredzi yaDavidi inotora kupi zita rayo kubva?

Hazvina kujeka zvachose kuti zita rekuti "Nyeredzi yaDavidi" rakabvepi, zvakadaro, zvinofungidzirwa kuti rakabva pazita rechiratidzo rechiHebheru, "Magen David", zvinoreva kuti "Shield yaDavid". Izwi iri rakatanga kuoneka mumagwaro ekutanga echiJuda, zvakare muSiddur kwayakashandiswa nenzira yedetembo kurondedzera Mwari senhoo inodzivirira imba yaMambo David uye nekutsanangura gare gare mucherechedzo wezita rimwechetero iro rakazozivikanwa seyeredzi . raDhavhidhi. Chii chinonakidza kucherechedza, zvisinei, ndechekuti isati yadaidzwa kuti Nyeredzi yaDavidi, mahegiramu ainyanya kutaurwa mumagwaro ekare seChisimbiso chaSoromoni, zita rakapihwa mucherechedzo zvichibva mungano pamusoro pemhete inoshamisa inopfekwa Mambo Soromoni akanzi akange akanyorwa nehexagram.
Chii Chinomiririrwa neIye Star yaDavid maererano neKabbalah?

ChiJudha Kabbalah ipfuma yedzidziso dzekare dzakavanzika dzakanyorwa mazana emakore apfuura dzinopa ruzivo rwakasiyana mukushanda kwemukati meTora, Mwari, uye Nyika. Idudziro dzakadzama uye dzisinganzwisisike dzinowanzo kuve dzakaomarara kana dzisinganzwisisike, asi hunhu hwavo hwakadzika hwagara huchiburitsa pachena mativi ese ehupenyu hwechiJuda, uye tsananguro dzaKabbalah dzezviratidzo zvakaita seNyeredzi yaDavid zvinonyanya kujekesa. Zvinoenderana netsika yeKabbalistic, heano dzimwe nzira dzekududzira maitiro eNyeredzi yaDavidi:

Denga nepasi - Setsika, Nyeredzi yaDhavhidha inodhonzwa nekukwirisa mativi matatu akatarisana akatarisana. Tsananguro yeKabbalistic yeiyi ndeyekuti iyo Triangle inonongedza kumusoro inomiririra Mwari neake place mumatenga seMusiki weChadenga nepo pasi yakadzika katatu inomiririra pasi nevanhu. Kupindirana kwevaviri kunovavarira kuratidza kuti zvemweya uye zvekuda zvinhu zvinofambidzana.
Sungano yaMwari - Kungofanana netsananguro yapfuura, kududzira uku kunotarisa pasimba rematatu. Mativi matatu etriangle anofungidzirwa kuti anomiririra iwo matatu akakosha maitiro echiJuda - Mwari, Torah nevanhu veIzirairi - Kabbalah inofungidzira kuti kona imwe neimwe yeNyeredzi yaDavid inomiririra kubatana uku kubva kune imwe kona. Iyo yekumusoro netriangle inoratidza yepamoyo manzwiro ehukama nepo pasi yekudzikira inoratidzira chinhu chemuviri chinouya kubva pakuita.
Omnipresence - Iyo pfungwa yekuti Mwari ndewemasimbaose uye wepasirese haisi pfungwa nyowani muchiJuda. Torah inotsanangura simba raMwari kakawanda, saka zvine musoro kuti imwezve dudziro yeKabbalistic yeNyeredzi yaDavid inoongorora chimiro chayo chose uye ichiongorora kukosha kwemapoinzi ayo matanhatu. Aya matanhatu mapoinzi anotendwa anoreva kune yega yega nzira nhanhatu uko kuvepo kwaMwari kunogona kunzwika: Maodzanyemba, Maodzanyemba, Kumabvazuva, Kumadokero, Kumusoro nekuZasi; nepo pakati penyeredzi ichireva pakati penzvimbo, uko Mwari ariko senzvimbo yezvose
Rudzi Rumwe - Nemapoinzi matanhatu uye mativi gumi nemaviri, Kabbalah inoongorora pfungwa yekuti mativi gumi nemaviri eNyeredzi yaDavid anoreva kumarudzi gumi nemaviri eIsrael: Reuven, Shimon, Revhi, Yehuda, Issacar, Zevulun, Dan, Naftali, Gad, Asher , Yosef naBenyamin, uye nemarudzi gumi nemaviri akaumba nyika yakasarudzika yeIsrael.